Indoor Plant: Ficus Bonsai
There are hundreds of species of figs in the Ficus genus, most of them tropical and evergreen, although some are deciduous. Many varieties are natural dwarfs, which makes them especially suitable for bonsai. Commonly known as the Chinese banyan, Ficus Microcarpa grows naturally in southwest Asia and is one of the most popular trees for indoor bonsai. The ‘banyan’-style roots are commonly trained in a root-over-rock style.
Performs best in well-lit areas with natural sunlight ie. an outdoor or patio location with morning sun, or in a sunny location indoors. As with all Ficus varieties, they need fresh air and good ventilation.
Bonsai trees live in small pots and their world dries out much quicker than plants in the ground or in bigger containers, so close attention should be paid to watering. Check your bonsai every day and water when necessary.
This fig’s leaves need humidity to keep them green and healthy. The air inside is dry, which can damage your tree, so mist the leaves regularly.
Fertilise every two weeks during the growing season and once a month in the winter. The Chinese banyan responds quickly and enthusiastically to fertilising – do not skip it.
Most ficus species are vigorous growers, and this one is no exception. Prune back to 2-4 leaves after 6-10 leaves have grown.
Because it is a quick grower, you should see rapid results in your bonsai!